Acrylic - In the plastics industry most acrylics are polymers of methyl methacrylate (PMMA). Acrylics may be in the form of molding powders or casting syrups, and are noted for their exceptional clarity and optical properties. Acrylics are widely used in lighting fixtures because they are slow-burning or even self-extinguishing, and they do not produce harmful smoke or gases in the presence of flame. The most important properties for acrylic (PMMA) are its optical clarity, low UV sensitivity, and overall weather resistance. Acrylic is often used as a glass substitute.
In 1880 G. W. A. Kahlbaum reported the polymerization of methyl acrylate and at approximately the same time R. Fittig found that methacrylic acid and some of its derivatives readily polymerized. In 1932 J. W. C. Crawford discovered a new route to the monomer using cheap and readily available chemicals. Sheet polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) became prominent during World War II for aircraft glazing.
Good Weather Resistance (178), High Clarity (129), High Impact Resistance (110), High Heat Resistance (104), Chemical Resistant (92), High Light Transmission (82), Good Impact Resistance (79), Impact Modified (74), High Hardness (59), Good Processability (59), 152 More...
Automotive Applications (110), Lighting Applications (99), Medical/Healthcare Applications (65), Displays (62), Industrial Applications (61), Lighting Fixtures (49), Coating Applications (49), Lighting Diffusers (46), Housings (44), Optical Applications (41), 131 More...
- Poor solvent resistance
- Subject to stress cracking
- Low continuous service temperature
- Flexible grades unavailable
- Poor impact resistance
Typical Properties and Processing Information
View material property information for Acrylic plastics.